Weihai Urubura Ibikoresho byo hanze., Ltd.
Ubwiza Nubugingo Bwumushinga

Nigute Fibre Fibre ikorwa?

Nigute Fibre Fibre ikorwa?

Gukora, gukoresha, nigihe kizaza cyibintu bikomeye, byoroheje

Nanone bita grafite fibre cyangwa karubone, fibre ya karubone igizwe nuduce duto cyane twa karubone. Izi fibre zifite imbaraga zingana kandi zirakomeye cyane kubunini bwazo. Mubyukuri, uburyo bumwe bwa fibre karubone - karubone nanotube - ifatwa nkibikoresho bikomeye biboneka. Porogaramu ya karubone irimo ubwubatsi, ubwubatsi, icyogajuru, ibinyabiziga bikora cyane, ibikoresho bya siporo, nibikoresho bya muzika. Mu rwego rwingufu, fibre ya karubone ikoreshwa mugukora ibyuma byumuyaga, kubika gaze gasanzwe, hamwe na lisansi yo gutwara. Mu nganda zindege, ifite porogaramu haba mu ndege za gisirikare n’ubucuruzi, ndetse n’imodoka zitagira abapilote. Kubushakashatsi bwa peteroli, bukoreshwa mugukora ibibanza byo gucukura amazi maremare.

Amakuru Yihuse: Imibare ya Fibre

  • Buri gice cya fibre karubone ni microne eshanu kugeza 10. Kuguha kumva uko ibyo ari bito, micron imwe (um) ni 0.000039. Umugozi umwe wubudodo bwigitagangurirwa mubusanzwe buri hagati ya mikoro itatu kugeza umunani.
  • Fibre ya karubone ikubye kabiri ibyuma ndetse ninshuro eshanu zikomeye nkicyuma, (kuri buri gice cyuburemere). Zirwanya kandi imiti cyane kandi ifite kwihanganira ubushyuhe bwo hejuru hamwe no kwaguka kwinshi.

Ibikoresho bibisi
Fibre ya karubone ikozwe muri polymers kama, igizwe numurongo muremure wa molekile ifatanije na atome ya karubone. Fibre nyinshi ya karubone (hafi 90%) ikozwe mubikorwa bya polyacrylonitrile (PAN). Umubare muto (hafi 10%) ukorerwa muri rayon cyangwa inzira ya peteroli.

Imyuka, amazi, nibindi bikoresho bikoreshwa mubikorwa byo gukora bitera ingaruka zihariye, imico, hamwe n amanota ya karubone. Uruganda rukora fibre karubone rukoresha formulaire yihariye hamwe no guhuza ibikoresho fatizo kubikoresho bakora kandi muri rusange, bafata aya mabwiriza yihariye nkibanga ryubucuruzi.

Urwego rwohejuru rwa karuboni fibre hamwe na modulus ikora neza (ihoraho cyangwa coefficient ikoreshwa kugirango igaragaze urwego rwumubare aho ibintu bifite umutungo runaka, nka elastique) bikoreshwa mugusaba ibisabwa nko mu kirere.

Uburyo bwo gukora
Gukora fibre karubone bikubiyemo imiti nubukanishi. Ibikoresho bibisi, bizwi nkibibanziriza, bikururwa mumurongo muremure hanyuma bigashyuha kubushyuhe bwinshi mubidukikije bya anaerobic (ogisijeni idafite). Aho gutwika, ubushyuhe bukabije butera fibre ya fibre kunyeganyega kuburyo atome hafi ya zose zitari karubone zirukanwa.

Nyuma ya carboneisation irangiye, fibre isigaye igizwe nigihe kirekire, gifatanye cyane iminyururu ya karubone hamwe na atome itari karubone. Izi fibre ziba zikozwe mubitambaro cyangwa bigahuzwa nibindi bikoresho bigahita bikomeretsa cyangwa bikabumbwa muburyo bwifuzwa.

Ibice bitanu bikurikira birasanzwe mubikorwa bya PAN byo gukora fibre karubone:

  • Kuzunguruka. PAN ivanze nibindi bikoresho hanyuma ikazunguruka muri fibre, hanyuma igakaraba kandi ikaramburwa.
  • Gutuza. Fibre ihindura imiti kugirango ihuze ubumwe.
  • Carbonizing. Fibre itajegajega yashyutswe kubushyuhe bwo hejuru cyane ikora karubone ya karubone.
  • Kuvura Ubuso. Ubuso bwa fibre ni okiside kugirango utezimbere imikoranire.
  • Ingano. Fibre isize kandi ikomeretsa kuri bobbins, zipakirwa kumashini zizunguruka zigoreka fibre mubudodo butandukanye. Aho kuboha imyenda, fibre irashobora kandi kubumbwa mubikoresho, ukoresheje ubushyuhe, umuvuduko, cyangwa icyuho kugirango uhuze fibre hamwe na polymer plastike.

Carbone nanotubes ikorwa binyuze muburyo butandukanye na fibre isanzwe ya karubone. Bigereranijwe ko bikubye inshuro 20 kurenza abababanjirije, nanotube ihimbwa mu ziko rikoresha lazeri kugirango zivemo imyuka ya karubone.

Ingorane zo Gukora
Gukora fibre fibre bitwara ibibazo byinshi, harimo:

  • Gukenera gukira neza no gusana
  • Ibiciro byo gukora bidashoboka kubikorwa bimwe na bimwe: Kurugero, nubwo ikoranabuhanga rishya ririmo gutezwa imbere, kubera ibiciro bibuza, gukoresha fibre karubone mu nganda z’imodoka kuri ubu bigarukira gusa ku binyabiziga bikora neza kandi bihenze.
  • Uburyo bwo kuvura hejuru bugomba gutegurwa neza kugirango wirinde kurema ibyobo bivamo fibre zifite inenge.
  • Gufunga hafi bisabwa kugirango ubuziranenge bufite ireme
  • Ibibazo byubuzima n’umutekano birimo uruhu no guhumeka
  • Gufata ikabutura n'ikabutura mu bikoresho by'amashanyarazi kubera amashanyarazi akomeye ya fibre ya karubone

Kazoza ka Fibre
Mugihe tekinoroji ya karubone ikomeje kugenda itera imbere, ibishoboka bya fibre karubone bizatandukana kandi byiyongere. Mu Ishuri Rikuru ry’ikoranabuhanga rya Massachusetts, ubushakashatsi bwinshi bwibanze kuri fibre ya karubone bumaze kwerekana amasezerano menshi yo gukora ikoranabuhanga rishya n’inganda kugira ngo bikemure inganda zikenewe.

MIT Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering John Hart, umupayiniya wa nanotube, yagiye akorana nabanyeshuri be guhindura ikoranabuhanga mu gukora, harimo no kureba ibikoresho bishya bizakoreshwa hamwe nicapiro rya 3D ryubucuruzi. Ati: “Nabasabye gutekereza rwose kuri gari ya moshi; niba bashobora gusama printer ya 3-D itigeze ikorwa mbere cyangwa ibikoresho byingirakamaro bidashobora gucapurwa ukoresheje printer zubu, "Hart yabisobanuye.

Ibisubizo byari imashini za prototype zacapaga ikirahure gishongeshejwe, ice cream yoroshye-hamwe na karuboni fibre. Nk’uko Hart abitangaza, amatsinda y’abanyeshuri yakoze kandi imashini zishobora gukora “ahantu hanini cyane hashobora gukururwa na polymers” kandi igakora “muri optique scanning” yo gucapa.

Byongeye kandi, Hart yakoranye na MIT Associate Professor wa Chemistry Mircea Dinca ku bufatanye n’imyaka itatu iheruka gusozwa na Automobili Lamborghini kugira ngo hakorwe ubushakashatsi ku byerekeranye na fibre nshya ya karubone hamwe n’ibikoresho bishobora kuba umunsi umwe “bidashoboka gusa umubiri wuzuye w’imodoka kuba ikoreshwa nka sisitemu ya batiri, ”ariko iganisha ku“ mibiri yoroshye, ikomeye, ihindura imikorere ya catalitiki ikora neza, irangi ryoroshye, hamwe no kohereza ingufu za gari ya moshi [muri rusange]. ”

Hamwe n'iterambere riteye ubwoba, ntibitangaje ko isoko rya fibre karubone biteganijwe ko izava kuri miliyari 4.7 z'amadolari muri 2019 ikagera kuri miliyari 13.3 z'amadolari muri 2029, ku kigero cyo kwiyongera k'umwaka (CAGR) kingana na 11.0% (cyangwa hejuru gato) hejuru igihe kimwe.

Inkomoko

  • McConnell, Vicki. “Gukora Fibre ya Carbone.” Kwibumbira hamwe. Ku ya 19 Ukuboza 2008
  • Sherman, Don. “Kurenga Fibre ya Carbone: Ibikoresho bizakurikiraho birakomeye inshuro 20.” Imodoka n'umushoferi. Ku ya 18 Werurwe 2015
  • Randall, Danielle. “Abashakashatsi ba MIT bafatanya na Lamborghini mu guteza imbere imodoka y'amashanyarazi y'ejo hazaza.” MITMECHE / Mu makuru: Ishami rya Chimie. Ku ya 16 Ugushyingo 2017
  • "Isoko rya Fibre ya Carbone ukoresheje ibikoresho bito (PAN, Pitch, Rayon), Ubwoko bwa Fibre (Isugi, Yongeye gukoreshwa), Ubwoko bwibicuruzwa, Modulus, Gushyira mu bikorwa (Gukomatanya, Kudahuza), Gukoresha Inganda (A & D, Imodoka, Ingufu z'umuyaga ), n'akarere - Iteganyagihe ku isi kugeza 2029. ” Amasoko n'amasoko ™. Nzeri 2019

Igihe cyo kohereza: Nyakanga-28-2021