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Fibre ya Carbone ni iki?

Fibre ya Carbone ni iki?

Fibre ya karubone nukuri, uko isa - fibre ikozwe muri karubone. Ariko, izo fibre ni ishingiro gusa. Ibyo bakunze kwita fibre ya karubone ni ibintu bigizwe na filime yoroheje cyane ya atome ya karubone. Iyo uhambiriwe hamwe na plasitiki polymer yubushyuhe, ubushyuhe cyangwa muri vacuum habaho ibintu byinshi kandi bikomeye kandi byoroshye.

Byinshi nkimyenda, ingomero zinzuki, cyangwa intebe ya rattan, imbaraga za fibre ya karubone iri mububoshyi. Kurenza uko uboshyi buboheye, niko biramba hamwe. Nibyiza kwiyumvisha ecran ya wire ihujwe nindi ecran ku mfuruka, indi ku nguni itandukanye gato, nibindi, hamwe na buri cyuma muri buri ecran ikozwe mumigozi ya karubone. Noneho tekereza iyi meshi ya ecran yuzuye muri plastiki y'amazi, hanyuma ukande cyangwa ushushe kugeza igihe ibintu bihurira hamwe. Inguni yububoshyi, kimwe na resin ikoreshwa hamwe na fibre, bizagaragaza imbaraga za rusange. Ibisigarira bikunze kuba epoxy, ariko birashobora kandi kuba thermoplastique, polyurethane, vinyl ester, cyangwa polyester.

Ubundi, ifumbire irashobora guterwa hamwe na fibre ya karubone hejuru yayo. Carbone fibre compite noneho yemerewe gukira, akenshi muburyo bwa vacuum. Muri ubu buryo, ifumbire ikoreshwa kugirango igere kumiterere wifuza. Ubu buhanga bukundwa kumpapuro zigoye zikenewe kubisabwa.
Ibikoresho bya karubone bifite uburyo butandukanye bwo gukoresha, kuko bishobora gukorwa muburyo butandukanye muburyo butagira imipaka. Fibre ya karubone ikunze kuba mubitereko, mubitambaro, no mumyenda, kandi birashobora guhindurwa muburyo ubwo aribwo bwose.

Imikoreshereze isanzwe ya Carbone Fibre

  • Ibinyabiziga byo mu rwego rwo hejuru
  • Amagare yamagare
  • Inkoni zo kuroba
  • Inkweto
  • Umukino wa Baseball
  • Imanza zo kurinda mudasobwa zigendanwa na iphone

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Ibindi bikoresho bidasanzwe ushobora kubisanga muri:

  • Inganda zo mu kirere n'inganda zo mu kirere
  • Inganda za peteroli na gaze
  • Imodoka zitagira abapilote
  • Satelite
  • Imodoka yo kwiruka ya Formula-1

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Bamwe bashobora kuvuga, nubwo, ibishoboka kuri fibre ya karubone bigarukira gusa kubisabwa no gutekereza kubabikora. Noneho, birasanzwe no kubona fibre ya karubone muri:

  • Ibikoresho bya muzika
  • Ibikoresho
  • Ubuhanzi
  • Ibintu byubaka
  • Ikiraro
  • Umuyaga wa turbine

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Niba fibre ya karubone ishobora kuvugwa ko ifite ibyakubangamira, byaba ikiguzi cyumusaruro. Fibre ya karubone ntabwo ikorwa cyane kandi rero ihenze cyane. Igare rya karuboni fibre irashobora kugenda byoroshye mumadorari ibihumbi, kandi ikoreshwa ryayo mumodoka iracyagarukira kumodoka zidasanzwe zo kwiruka. Fibre ya karubone irazwi cyane muribi bintu nibindi biterwa nuburemere bwimbaraga-nimbaraga zayo no kurwanya umuriro, ku buryo hariho isoko rya sintetike isa na fibre karubone. Nyamara, kwigana akenshi ni igice cya karubone gusa cyangwa plastiki ikozwe gusa na karuboni. Ibi bibaho kenshi mumasoko arinda mudasobwa hamwe nibindi bikoresho bya elegitoroniki.

Ihangane ni uko ibice bya fibre fibre nibicuruzwa, niba bitangiritse, bizahoraho iteka ryose. Ibi bituma bashora imari kubakoresha, kandi bikomeza ibicuruzwa. Kurugero, niba umuguzi adashaka kwishyura ibicuruzwa bishya bya karuboni fibre ya golf, hari amahirwe ayo makipe azagaragara kumasoko yakoreshejwe.
Fibre ya karubone ikunze kwitiranywa na fiberglass, kandi mugihe hari aho bihurira no gukora hamwe na cross cross mubicuruzwa byanyuma nkibikoresho byo mumashanyarazi, biratandukanye. Fiberglass ni polymer ishimangirwa nuduce twibirahuri bya silika aho kuba karubone. Ibikoresho bya karubone birakomeye, mugihe fiberglass ifite ibintu byoroshye. Kandi, byombi bifite imiti itandukanye ikora neza kugirango ikoreshwe mubikorwa bitandukanye.

Kongera gukoresha fibre ya karubone biragoye cyane. Uburyo bwonyine buboneka bwo gutunganya neza ni inzira yitwa thermal depolymerisation, aho ibicuruzwa bya fibre ya karubone bishyuha cyane mubyumba bitarimo ogisijeni. Carbone yarekuwe irashobora gushirwaho umutekano no kongera gukoreshwa, kandi ibintu byose bihuza cyangwa bishimangira ibikoresho byakoreshejwe (epoxy, vinyl, nibindi) birashya. Fibre ya karubone irashobora kandi kumeneka nintoki kubushyuhe bwo hasi, ariko ibivuyemo bizacika intege kubera fibre yagabanutse, bityo birashoboka ko bitazakoreshwa muburyo bwiza cyane. Kurugero, igice kinini cyigituba kitagikoreshwa gishobora gucikamo ibice, nibice bisigaye bikoreshwa mugutwara mudasobwa, amavarisi cyangwa ibikoresho.

Fibre fibre ni ibikoresho byingirakamaro bidasanzwe bikoreshwa mubihimbano, kandi bizakomeza kuzamura imigabane yinganda. Mugihe uburyo bwinshi bwo gukora karubone fibre yibigize ubukungu byateye imbere, igiciro kizakomeza kugabanuka, kandi inganda nyinshi zizifashisha ibyo bikoresho bidasanzwe.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Nyakanga-28-2021